A very hardy, large shrub or small tree of dense, bushy habit. Leaves in pairs, 3-4cm long, rigid and curved, dark green. Cones solitary or in clusters, to 6cm long. A variable species in the wild, all forms succeeding in almost all soils. Very lime-tolarent. Several of the smaller forms are excellent in association with heathers, while the dwarf, slow-growing cultivars are suitable for a rock garden or scree.